Reading Tools for Students
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Reading is a complex process which involves decoding, processing print and understanding language. (Cunningham, 2003)). Students can struggle with any one of these processes. Within thecontext of good instruction, assistive technology can provide thescaffolding to decode, process print and understand language. Students need practice in reading easy text to increase their reading skills. No intervention substitutes for reading connected text at an easy level to increase reading fluency skills. The overall goal for reading instruction is increasing silent reading with comprehension.

The Whole to Part Reading Assessment Model (Koppenhaver & Erickson) can help guide decision making to target interventions to meet specific student reading needs. A teaching strategies

manual was developed to address specific reading problems identified in the use of the Whole to Part Reading Assessment (IRI). Contact the Special Education Department to find out more about the IRI training and interventions.

Print Processing
Reading along with good digitized speech (not highlighting word by word) helps build reading fluency. Students can listen to books and read along with speaker to build print processing skills. Many books are available in audio form through the public library. Students with print disabilities can also sign up for Bookshare to access books in electronic form. To sign up, download the request form below. It can also help print processing skills to increase the space between printed words to teach to eyes to track print more

Word Identification
Simon Sounds it Out and WordMaker software can assist students in learning important decoding skills, such as sound letter correspondence and onset rime.
Check PD Express for training in this software.

Graphic organizer software is particularly helpful in bolstering reading comprehension. Inspiration software can be used to activate background knowledge and utilize KWL strategies. Check PD Express for training in this software.

For more information about technology resources to support reading in the areas of print processing, word identification and comprehension, contact the assistive technology team at 651-744-8025.


Saint Paul Public Schools, District 625 | 360 Colborne Street, Saint Paul, MN, 55102|651-767-8100|